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Northern Harrier flying
Northern Harrier © Kyle Wilmarth

Important Bird Area: Eugene Moran Wildlife Management Area

Map for the Eugene Moran Wildlife Management Area IBA site

Nominated By

Tony Gola, Ed Neumeth

Size

1,462 acres

Towns and Counties

Windsor; Berkshire

Ownership

MassWildlife

Major Habitats

15% spruce-fir forest, 20% northern hardwoods forest, 15% early successional shrubland, 15% cultural grassland, 5% emergent freshwater wetland, 10% palustrine woodland swamp, 15% shrub-scrub wetland, river/stream

Land Use

nature & wildlife conservation/ land trust, hunting/fishing, other recreation or tourism

Minor Threats

invasive plants, cowbird parasitism, succession, habitat conversion

IBA Criteria

  • Category 1: Land Birds: The site is an important migratory stopover or seasonal concentration site for migratory land birds (e.g., warblers). Sites may also qualify on the basis of supporting exceptionally high densities of breeding species as shown from point counts or other surveys or if they represent "migrant traps" relative to surrounding areas. Strong consideration will be given to areas with consistently high overall species diversity.

Site Description

This IBA is a mix of wet grass/sedge meadows, alder swamps, beaver ponds, fields, old field/brush/scrub habitats, deciduous northern hardwoods, and conifers such as red spruce and balsam fir.

Current Conservation Status

Invasive plants in this IBA include European Buckthorn being cut and stump treated with herbicide, and Reed Canary Grass, which may be suppressed by controlled burns. No active management is currently in place to inhibit Brown-headed Cowbirds. Succession: ~90 acres of old field habitat created in recent years. Funding to maintain habitat is uncertain. Habitat conversion: Temporary disturbance to nesting birds during first year of old-field conversion. RD/Overuse: Snowmobiles restricted to one trail during winter.

Ornithological Significance

One to four (possibly seven) state-listed species have nested here during the past 20 years. 3F - 185 species documented from this area over the past 30 years.

Other Flora or Fauna of Significance

Rare species include Woodland-millet (threatened), Spiny Swamp-currant (special concern), Swamp Red currant (watch listed), Twinflower (watch listed), shining Ladies' Tresses (watch listed), and Variegated Scouring Rush (watch listed).

Data Sources

Personal observations.