Summer 2010

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summer 2010 issue of Sanctuary magazine

River Tops: The life of little-known streams

Editor's Column

All the Waters of the World 
by John H. Mitchell

President's Message

Our Freshwater Resources 
by Laura Johnson

Shiners, Darters, and Dace

Any year-round stream, no matter how small, will have a population of minnows, of which, as this article makes clear, there are many species. Anglers know all about them and so do trout. 
by Cliff Hauptman

Green Streams

The often moist and humid atmospheres of stream banks provide excellent growing conditions for a wide range of plants. The best way to understand this is to take a streamside walk someday in summer. 
by Teri Dunn


The small, often-undiscovered, temporary headwaters of streams are in fact critical habitats. Although unappreciated, they are vital parts of any watershed. 
by Joe Choiniere

Small Waters

Wetlands are now recognized as critical parts of an ecosystem. More recently, temporary vernal pools have been found to be a vital part of upland habitats. But even though they play an important role in the health of a watershed, small headwater streams are unprotected by state and federal laws. 
by Thomas Conuel

Swimming with Stoneflies

Running water is a hard place to live if you’re an insect. Eating, moving around, laying and hatching eggs, even breathing require specialized adaptations.  And yet the freshwater streams of New England harbor a rich diversity of insect life. 
by Michael J. Caduto

Brooks and Birds

No matter what size or location or depth, running water attracts a variety of bird species. Some of these, such as the belted kingfisher, depend on the aquatic life of rivers and streams, some feed on aquatic insects, and some favor the plants and animal of the stream banks. Whatever the case, the streamside offers good birdwatching opportunities. 
by Wayne Petersen

Sacred Landscape

Religious communities in Massachusetts are saving land in their ownership though innovative partnerships with conservation organizations, land trusts, and local citizens. 
by Ann Prince

Lost Waters

Though Massachusetts generally receives plenty of rainfall, when water is withdrawn faster than it’s replenished groundwater supplies dry up. 
by Jennifer Ryan

The Last Dipper

A quest for the rare rufous-throated dipper in the valley of the Rio Yala, Argentina. 
by Chris Leahy